US-Behörde: Metadata not essential for search

Die US-Behörde GSA (General Services Administration; vgl. Wikipedia über die GSA) ist bei einer Befragung zur Zukunft der Archivierung zu interessanten Ergebnissen gekommen: Die meisten der befragten “Such-Experten” hält es für nicht mehr zeitgemäÃ?, digitale Objekte zusammen mit beschreibenden Metadaten vorzuhalten. Die Suchtechnologie sei inzwischen so weit fortgeschritten, daÃ? Metadaten, wenn überhaupt, nur noch für bestimmte Dokumenttypen von Interesse seien. Der effektivste Weg, öffentliche Daten wiederauffindbar zu machen, sei es, sie im Internet zu veröffentlichen und damit den einschlägigen Suchdiensten zugänglich zu machen.

In den Worten des GCN-Artikels:

“Search technology has progressed far enough so that manual categorization and metadata tagging of textural documents is no longer necessary and any perceived gain in accessibility does not justify the cost of categorization,”? commented the Energy Department’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information, which hosts the Science.gov search service.
Not everyone agreed with this assessment, however. (…) “For either information or records to be trustworthy, they must have additional information either embedded within the content itself or information associated with the content that can provide some degree of assurance of authenticity, reliability and integrity, now and in the future,”? the National Archives responded.
The report conceded that the noninterventionist approach would be most appropriate to Web sites, e-mail, and other forms of unstructured and semistructured content. Other materials could benefit from advanced classification techniques. Highly technical subject matter could be better located with the aid of manually generated controlled vocabularies, as would databases material, classified information and multimedia assets such as video and audio files. (…)
“One can conclude from this study and other available literature including The Search [a book about Google written by John Battelle] that, with respect to disseminating [f]ederal information to the public at large, publishing directly to the Internet all agency information intended for public use and thereby exposing it to freely available or other search functions is the most cost-beneficial way to enable the efficient and effective retrieval and sharing of government information,”? the report concluded.